What does the Bible say about the Trinity? The truth is that the word “Trinity” is not in the Bible, but the concept of the Trinity most definitely is. So just what is “the Trinity”? The Trinity is one God existing in three Persons. That is the essence of the Trinity. God the Father is God, God the Son (Jesus) is God, and God the Holy Spirit is God – and yet there is only one God. Advocates of other religions who don’t believe in the Trinity will immediately object at this point and say that this is impossible. But the truth is that God is so much greater than us and so far beyond our understanding that it is not for us to say what is or is not possible for God. As we shall see, the Scriptures very clearly tell us that the Father is God, that Jesus is God and that the Holy Spirit is God – and yet that God is one God. Some have tried to compare the Trinity to water. You see, water can be a gas, a liquid or a solid – and yet it is still water. That metaphor is quite imperfect, but it can be helpful to an extent. The reality is that no metaphor is going to be fully able to describe God. But God has revealed Himself in His Word, and when we turn to the Scriptures we find all of the answers that we need.
So what does the Bible say about the Trinity?
Well, a good point to start is to take a look at the Scriptures that tell us that God is one God….
Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.
1 Corinthians 8:4
So then, about eating food sacrificed to idols: We know that an idol is nothing at all in the world and that there is no God but one.
A mediator, however, does not represent just one party; but God is one.
As you can see, the Bible is very clear that God is one. There is simply no getting around that point.
But the Scriptures also speak of God using the word “Elohim” (a term for God that has a plural connotation) to describe Himself, and of using the term “us” instead of “me” when referring to Himself.
In fact, the word “Elohim” is used in the very first verse in the Bible….
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
The word Elohim is also used later in Genesis chapter 1, and in that verse we also see God using the word “us” when referring to actions that He was taking….
Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.”
The following are some more examples of God using the word “us” to refer to Himself….
And the Lord God said, “The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.”
Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other.”
Then I heard the voice of the Lord saying, “Whom shall I send? And who will go for us?”
And I said, “Here am I. Send me!”
While these Old Testament references do not explicitly mention the Trinity, they do line right up with what the New Testament says about God.
So what does the New Testament say about God?
Well, there are quite a few verses where we see all three members of the Trinity mentioned in the same verse. Some examples are below….
As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting on him. And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.”
Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit
2 Corinthians 13:14
May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.
1 Peter 1:2
who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and sprinkling by his blood: Grace and peace be yours in abundance.
In the New Testament, God is clearly identified as one God – and yet the New Testament clearly identifies God the Father as God, God the Son (Jesus) as God and God the Holy Spirit as God.
In Hebrews 1:8–9, we see Jesus called God and yet a distinction is made between Him and God the Father….
But about the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever, and righteousness will be the scepter of your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy.”
In John 14:16–17, we see Jesus make a distinction between Himself, the Father and the Holy Spirit….
And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor to be with you forever— the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you.
So what we see in the New Testament is a clear message that there is only one God, but also a clear message that God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit are distinct entities.
But the core of this discussion always comes back to the deity of Christ. This is one of the main objections that members of other religions have when it comes to Christianity.
So was Jesus actually God?
In John 1:1 it says this about Jesus….
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
So yes, the Bible does say that Jesus is God.
But this is such an extensive subject that we will cover it in a sequel to this article which will be entitled “What Does The Bible Say About The Deity Of Christ”. If you are wondering if Jesus really is God, then you will definitely not want to miss that one.